In an emergency situation it might be safest to remain where you
are, whether that's at home, work, school or interstate. Being
apart from loved ones during such a stressful time will be
difficult. You should discuss in advance how you would stay in
contact, if you were separated. Sending SMS messages are cost
effective and won't cause network congestion.
Don't panic if you can't locate someone. If you've discussed
emergencies with them, they're sure to follow that advice. For
example, a child on their way home from school, will seek
appropriate shelter in the care of a responsible adult, in a
neighbourhood 'safe house'.
Consider the location of your place of work or school in
relation to your home. Are there rivers or creeks that might flood
and prevent you from returning home?
Don't drive through flooded roads. If you can't see the white
line markings that run along the centre of the road then the water
is too deep to see how the deep the water is or whether the road is
washed out. You cannot know how fast, how deep and how the
situation might change.
You might decide, under duress, to take a risk in order to
collect a family member or get to your family at home. The dangers
associated with getting trapped in your car in floodwaters, far
outweighs any other responsibilities. So make the necessary phone
calls to make alternate plans.
During an emergency, you have to rely on those responsible for
family members to take good care and keep them safe. But don't
assume others are as prepared as you might expect. Talk to school,
kindergarten or day care staff about what preparations have been
If you're not confident that their emergency plans are adequate,
meet with staff and make suggestions based on your research and
knowledge. Your help and advice could save a life. Knowing the
emergency plans of community establishments you and your family
frequent will better assist you in developing your own preparedness
Ensure someone in your household has a current first aid
In any emergency, you or a family member may be cut, burned, or
suffer other injuries. Keep essential first aid supplies at home
and in your vehicle, so you are prepared to help when someone is
To check if a person is conscious ask, 'Are you OK?' (use the
person's name if you know it), 'Squeeze my hand ----; now let it
Grasp and squeeze the person's shoulders firmly. If there is no
response or you have concerns about the person's well being, call
triple zero (000) for an ambulance. You will receive advice on how
to care for the person while the ambulance is on its way.
If someone is injured, six key steps will help keep everyone at
the scene as safe as possible until professional help arrives.
- Make sure the situation is safe; for example, keep clear of
power lines, gas, smoke, and fire.
- If the injured person is unconscious and not responding, or if
the incident has not otherwise been reported, call 000 immediately
and ask for an ambulance.
- If the person is not breathing, remove any blockage to the
airway. If you (or any bystander) have the necessary skills,
- Attend to severe bleeding or shock, and then care for injuries
to muscles, bones, and joints. Use gloves where available.
- Monitor the injured person's condition while waiting for the
ambulance to arrive.
- Help the person rest in the most comfortable position and give